What Are The Types Of Jurisdiction?


4 Answers

Ian Marshall Profile
Ian Marshall answered
This sounds like a course question to me. I hope it’s not a homework assignment where you’re seeking to lift the answer! Jurisdiction is the legal authority granted to a formally constituted authority or political leader to make judgments on legal matters and by extension, administer justice within a defined area of responsibility. It’s used to delimit the subject matter or geographical region that the authority covers. Types of jurisdiction can refer to a wide range of subjects, depending on the country or legal arena that you are querying about. On the international level, jurisdiction is sometimes shared and split at an international level, as with bodies like the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the International Court of Justice (ICJ). In these cases, it is imperative for clarification to exist about the extent of the authority, with respect to national jurisdiction. A clearly defined case is the European Court of Justice, which has the jurisdiction to be the ultimate appellate court for member states on issues of European law. A member country can only deny this jurisdiction by asserting its sovereignty and withdrawing from the union.

Each country extends and delimits jurisdiction differently. In federal countries, like the United States, Australia, Mexico, Brazil and India, the executive and legislature through the court system define jurisdiction. When an overlap between the state and federation exists, the jurisdiction is either shared or one entity takes precedence. However a problem of shopping for the most favourable forum does exist between state and federal courts.

Pertaining to the US court system, there are four types of jurisdiction; the original, appellate, 'in personam' and 'in rem' jurisdiction. The court at the trial level hears original jurisdiction. It is appellate jurisdiction, when the court only hears an appeal from the trial court. The court with jurisdiction over the persons in the lawsuit and with the empowerment to deal with the matters between them, such as a lawsuit, is 'in personam' jurisdiction. And finally, 'in rem' jurisdiction is where the court has authority over the subject matter involving the lawsuit, e.g. A piece of land.
Suhail Ajmal Profile
Suhail Ajmal answered
There are many types of Jurisdictions like;

Adjudicative jurisdiction

Personal jurisdiction

Legislative (prescriptive) jurisdiction

Constitutional jurisdiction

Choice of law and forum

Jurisdiction to enforce orders

You can search the details of each from the Google Search Engine.
Dawn Profile
Dawn answered
Jurisdiction based on the nature of the parties can include several types of situations such as the following, 1)disputes two or states. 2)disputes between citizens or different states. Courts that have original jurisdiction are trial courts:They determine the fact of the case as well as the law applies to them.
chrystal burton Profile
chrystal burton answered
Local jurisdiction that covers Franklin County North Carolina

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